Bài tập chia động từ

Tenses hay còn gọi là các thì trong tiếng anh là ngữ pháp luôn có mặt trong các đề thi. Bài viết dưới đây của x2tienganh tổng hợp các bài tập CHIA ĐỘNG TỪ của các thì đã được học. Trước hết cùng nhìn lại công thức của tất cả 13 thì nhé!

bài tập chia động từ

Lý thuyết

PRESENT TENSES

Hiện tại đơn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + am/is/are + (not) + N/Adj      S + V (s/es)
  • Câu phủ định: S + do/does + not + V-bare (động từ nguyên mẫu)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Am/Is/Are + S + N/Adj?        Wh + am/is/are + S + N/Adj?

Do/Does + S + V-bare?         Wh + do/does + S + V-bare?

Hiện tại tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + am/is/are + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + am/is/are + not + V-ing
  • Câu nghi vấn: Am/Is/Are +  S + V-ing?

Hiện tại hoàn thành

  • Câu khẳng định: S + have/has + V-ed/V3
  • Câu phủ định: S + have/has + not + V-ed/V3  (have not = haven’t   has not = hasn’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Have/Has + S+ V-ed/V3?

Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + have/has + been + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + have/has + not + been + V-ing
  • Câu nghi vấn: Have/Has +  S + been + V-ing?

PAST TENSES

Quá khứ đơn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + was/were + N/Adj              S + V-ed/V2
  • Câu phủ định:  S + was/were + not + N/Adj (was not = wasn’t, were not = weren’t)

S + did + not + V-bare (did not = didn’t)

  • Câu nghi vấn:  Was/Were + S + N/Adj?                 Did + S + V-bare?

Quá khứ tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + was/were + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + was/were + not + V-ing
  • Câu nghi vấn: Was/Were + S + V-ing?

Quá khứ hoàn thành

  • Câu khẳng định: S + had + V-ed/V3
  • Câu phủ định: S + had + not + V-ed/V3 (had not = hadn’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Had + S + V-ed/V3?

Quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + had + been + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + had + not + been + V-ing (had not = hadn’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Had + S +  been + V-ing?

FUTURE TENSES

Tương lai đơn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + will + V-bare
  • Câu phủ định: S + will + not + V-bare (will not = won’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Will + S + V-bare?

Tương lai gần

  • Câu khẳng định: S + am/is/are + going to + V-bare
  • Câu phủ định: S + am/is/are + not + going to + V-bare
  • Câu nghi vấn: Am/Is/Are + S + going to + V-bare?       WH- + am/is/are + going to + V-bare?

Tương lai tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + will + be + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + will + not + be + V-ing (will not = won’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Will + S + be + V-ing?

Tương lai hoàn thành

  • Câu khẳng định: S + will + have + V-ed/V3
  • Câu phủ định: S + will + not + have + V-ed/V3 (will not = won’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Will + S + have + V-ed/V3?

Tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn

  • Câu khẳng định: S + will + have + been + V-ing
  • Câu phủ định: S + will + not + have + been + V-ing (will not = won’t)
  • Câu nghi vấn: Will + S + have + been + V-ing?

Cách dùng của từng thì cụ thể mời các bạn xem lại các bài lý thuyết trước đây của x2tienganh.

các bài tập chia động từ

Exercise

Thực hành 7 dạng bài tập chia động từ được chúng tôi gợi ý bên dưới.

Exercise 1

Complete these sentences using one of these verbs. You can use some of them more than once.

Get Change Improve Increase
Become Rise Fall Learn

1) The number of people without jobs…………….at the moment.

2) He is still ill but he……………better slowly.

3) These days food………………more and more expensive.

4) The world…………….Things never stay at the same.

5) The cost of living……………..nowadays.

6) George has gone to work in Spain. When he arrived, his Spanish wasn’t very good. But now, it…………..

7) The economic situation is already very bad and it………………worse.

8) The population of the world………………very fast.

9) Is your English……………better?

10) Silvia……………Chinese at the moment.

Exercise 2

Decide whether the verbs in these sentences are right or wrong. Correct those which are wrong

1) Look! Somebody is climbing up that tree over there.

2) Can you hear those people? What do they talk about?

3) Are you believe in God?

4) Look! That man tries to open the door of your car.

5) The moon goes round the earth.

6) I’m thinking it would be a good idea to leave early.

7) The government is worried because the number of people without jobs is increasing.

8) I’m usually going to work by car.

9) I don’t know your telephone number.

10) Please don’t make so much noise. I study.

11) Sue and Alan are married since July.

12) It is raining all day.

13) She has been ill for a long time.

14) Have you always been living in this house?

15) How long has Jack been unemployed?

Exercise 3

Decide which form of the verb is correct in these sentences

1) I will go / am going to a party tomorrow night. Would you like to come too?

2) According to the weather forecast it will rain / is raining tomorrow.

3) I’m sure Tom will get / is getting the job. He has a lot of experience.

4) I can’t meet you this evening. A friend of mine will come / is coming to see me.

5) A: Have you decided where to go for your holidays yet?

B: Yes, we will go / are going to Italy.

6) Don’t worry about the dog. It won’t hurt / isn’t hurting you.

7) Tom isn’t free on Saturday. He will work / is working.

8) I’m too tired to walk home. I think I wil get / am getting a taxi.

9) “Would you like tea or coffee?” “I will have / am having coffe, please”.

10) We will go / are going to the theatre this evening.

Exercise 4

Choose the correct answer

1) ………….I was entering the room, the telephone rang.

A. When         B. For          C. At the time            D. An hour ago

2) It…………..just before the war when he received a letter form Britain.

A. had been          B. has been           C. was          D. is

3) Students………….to each other when the director wanted them to help him.

A. have been talking            B. are talking            C. talk           D. were talking

4) When he…………..a school boy, John caught a wounded falcon in the roof.

A. has been          B. was            C. has been            D. is

5) Julie……….always………….her room untidy these days.

A. is – leaving         B. – leaves           C. was – leaving           D. – left

6) We…………..your size at the moment, but we can order it for you.

A. don’t have            B. aren’t having           C. haven’t had            D. didn’t have

7) I…………the garden but I couldn’t find the spade.

A. am digging           B. was going to dig            C. will have dug             D. am going to dig

8) Last year I………….camping with my friends for the last time.

A. was going           B. have gone           C. have been going            D. went

9) Of course you can use my house in the country. But when you………….there next month, remember that it…………..for six months.

A. are getting / isn’t going to be cleaned              B. will get / hasn’t been cleaned

C. get / will not have been cleaned                      D. are going to get / will not be cleaned

10) On seeing her brother unconscious, she immediately………….her and…………help.

A. was calling / was wanting           B. called / wanted

C. calls / is wanting                         D. was calling / wanted

Exerise 5

Read a situation and write sentences that have the same meaning

1) We began playing football. After half an hour there was a terrible storm.

We………………..when………………….

2) The orchestra began playing at the concert. After about ten minutes a man in the audience suddenly began shouting.

The orchestra………………..when………………..

3) Tom is reading a book. He started two hours ago and he is on page 53.

He………………..for………………..

He………………………………so far.

4) Linda is from Australia. Now she is traveling round Europe. She began her tour 3 months ago.

She……………………for…………………

She………………………….so far.

5) I had arranged to meet Tom in a restaurant. I arrived and began waiting. After 20 minutes I realised that I had come to the wrong restaurant.

I…………………..when………………..

6) Jimmy is a tennis champion. He began playing tennis when he was 11 years old. Now he has just won the national championship for the fourth time.

He…………………..since………………..

He………………..…………four times.

7) Bill and Andy make films. They started making films together when they left college.

They……………………..since……………………….

They………………ten films since……………………..

8) Mr and Mrs Jerkins went to live in the south of France. Six months later, Mr Jerkins died.

They………………………when……………………….

9) Ken smoked. 30 years later, he finally gave it up.

Ken…………………when…………………..

10) Jack is playing tennis. He started at 2 o’clock and he has just played tennis for the third time this weeek.

Jack………………since……………….

Jack…………………….three times this week.

Exercise 6

Make a sentence using future tenses

1) You want to borrow your friend’s bicycle this evening.

Will………………………………?

2) You want your friend to give Tom a message this afternoon.

Will………………………………?

3) Tom and Ann are going to the cinema. The film begins at 7.30 and it is already 7.20. It will take them 20 minutes to get there.

When they get there,………………………

4) You want to use your frined’s computer tomorrow morning.

Wil…………………………………….?

5) Your friend is going shopping. You want him / her to buy some food for you at the supermarket.

Will…………………………………..?

6) Jim always goes to bed at 11 o’clock. Tom is going to visit him at 11.30 this evening.

When Tom arrives,…………………………..

7) Tom is on holiday. He has very liitle money and he is spending too much too quickly.

Before the end of his holiday,…………………….

8) I’ve won a lot of money

What………………you……………….? (do)

9) Tom has just bought a painting.

Where…………..he…………..? (hang)

10) Chuck came to New York from the UK nearly 2 years ago. Next Monday it will be exactly 2 years since he arrived.

Next Monday…………………………

Exercise 7

Choose the correct answer

1) When the phone rang, she………….

A. was cooking            B. is going to cook          C. has cooked

2) I……………you with your homework as soon as I…………..writing these reports.

A. am helping / have finished          B. will help / have finished         C. help / am going to finish

3) After they…………..the books, they……………….their journey.

A. delivered / were starting             B. delivered / started            C. were delivering / were starting

4) He…………his family when he…………..a school boy.

A. supported / is              B. supported / was being            C. supported / was

5) After struggling for weeks I………the job I…………and now I’m happy with it.

A. got / wanted               B. got / have been wanting              C. was getting / wanted

6) My plane………….at 5 pm on Monday. I don’t need to call a taxi, my friend………..me to the airport.

A. is leaving / will take               B. will leave / takes              C. leaves / is going to take

7) Newspaper say the minister……………someone suitable for the task he………….to get hold of.

A. will appoint / wants             B. is going to appoint / will want            C. appoints / wants

8) We……………our work in the gargare by the she…………….from the market.

A. will have finished / arrives             B. finished / has arrived               C. have finished / arrived

9) Some years ago people…………living in the city centers but now they…………..to live in the suburbs.

A. had preferred / prefer                B. preferred / prefer                C. have preferred / prefer

10) I…………..the hours I spent in the dorm with people who thought they were much clever than I was.

A. remembered                 B. will remember                C. remember

Thực hành thêm:

Bài tập về although in spite of despite

Answer

Exercise 1:

1) is rising / is falling / is increasing             2) is getting             3) is getting / is becoming

4) is changing              5) is rising / is increasing              6) is improving

7) is getting / is becoming               8) is rising             9) getting             10) is learning

Exercise 2:

1) right              2) are they talking               3) Do you believe              4) is trying                 5) right

6) I think           7) right            8) I usually go               9) right             10) am studying

11) have been married        12) has been living        13) right         14) have you always lived        15) right

Exercise 3:

1) am going         2) will rain          3) will get           4) is coming         5) are going

6) won’t hurt          7) is working           8) will get             9) will have           10) are going

Exercise 4:

1) A        2) C         3) D         4) B         5) A

6) A        7) B         8) D         9) C       10) B

Exercise 5:

1) We had been playing for half and hour when there was a terrible storm.

2) The orchestra had been playing for about ten minutes when a man in the audience suddenly began shouting.

3) He has been reading for 2 hours. / He has read 53 pages so far.

4) She has been traveling round Europe for three months. / She has visited six countries so far.

5) I had been waiting for 20 minutes when I realised that I had come to the wrong restaurant.

6) He has been playing tennis since he was 11. / He has won the national championship four times.

7) They have been making films since they left college. / They have made ten films since they left college.

8) Thay have been living in the south of France for six months when Mr Jerkins died.

9) Ken had been smoking for 30 years when he finally give it up.

10) Jack has been playing tennis since 2 o’clock. He has played tennis three times this week.

Exercise 6:

1) Will you be using your bicycle this evening?

2) Will you be seeing Tom this afternoon?

3) the film will have already started.

4) Will you be using your computer tomorrow morning?

5) Will you be passing the supermarket when you’re in town?

6) Jim will have gone to bed.

7) he will have spent all his money.

8) What are you going to do with it?

9) Where is he going to hang it?

10) he will have been here exactly 2 years.

Exercise 7:

1) A         2) B           3) B           4) C          5) A

6) C        7) A            8) A           9) B          10) C

Với các bài tập chia động từ sẽ giúp học sinh làm quen với các bài tập về các thì tiếng anh. Các thì này xuất hiện nhiều trong các bài kiểm tra trên lớp.

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